tv Newsline 30min KCSMMHZ February 20, 2013 6:00am-6:30am PST
welcome to nhk world "newsline." investigators in algeria have been collecting evidence and building a case as they probe a deadly hostage siege at a gas plant. islamist militants stormed the facility last month and took hundreds of workers hostage. at least 39 people, including ten japanese, were killed. nhk has learned more about the group responsible. we've obtained video showing the militants training in neighboring mali and issuing bold threats.
our sho beppu brings us the story. >> reporter: this man is reported to have led the attack. he's known as abdel rahman from niger. he phoned media outlets throughout the siege. >> reporter: abdel rahman is on a video that's believed to have been recorded in northern mali in 2010 or 2011. he and other militants showed their hostility toward western and arab nations.
>> reporter: the people in the video were from different parts of africa. they trained with various types of weapons, from anti-tank rocket bombs to anti-aircraft artillery. security experts say many of the weapons came from libya. they say different groups took the arms across the border after the fall of moammar gadhafi. the video shows the transient life the militants led in the desert. they moved frequently from one location to another. mokhtar belmokhtar is one of the senior members shown in the video. he has links to al qaeda. analysts believe he's the
mastermind behind the attack in algeria. algerian officials say the militants planned and prepared well. they say the group gathered in southern libya and then crossed the border. what's not clear though is how the fighters managed to penetrate the military security forces and private guards to take control of the plant. mauritanian journalist, mohammed mahmud abu ah-ma'ali, follows the militant group in northern mali last year for two weeks. >> translator: they had their way in the desert. they were free. no one bothered them. the algerian attack got their message across. any country could be the next
target at any time. >> reporter: the man from niger who led the attack died when the algerian military stormed the plant. but the whereabouts of the belmokhtar, the top leader, are not known, meaning the threat of more terror attacks in the region looms. sho beppu, nhk world, mauritania. and we could be seeing more evidence of the threat sho referred to coming from cameroon. men abducted seven french tourists in the african country. the president of france says islamist insurgents from neighboring nigeria are responsible. french media say the abductees are from the same family. four children are among them. reports say they were returning from a visit to waza national park. armed men drove up on motorcycles and took them away.
>> translator: they were taken by a nigeria-based terrorist group, which we know about. the greatest likelihood is they were taken to nigeria. >> alain said an islamist group may be behind the kidnappings. members of the group have staged repeated attacks on the christian community in algeria. an american security firm is accusing chinese of spying on american corporations. analysts at virginia-base firm mandiant published a report monday, which identified the people's liberation army and say members of one unit have attacked more than 140 organizations over the past seven years. they believe hackers are based in shanghai.
unit 61398 of the people's liberation army has its headquarters. the unit is believed to engage in electronic intill jones. ity ip addresses used by the group match the addresses used by the military unit. the hackers are probably operating from the -- from inside the unit. state department spokesperson victoria nuland said such attacks are threatening u.s. security and american business interests. >> we are concerned about the involvement of the military. >> china's defense ministry has addressed the u.s. allegations as groundless and a defense
ministry spokesperson is quoted as say the military has never been involved in military espionage. the country's ip addresses are often stolen and misused and he said that many attacks come from the united states, but china has never blamed the u.s. people who work for u.s. computer giant apple say hackers have hit them too. the attack resembles one last month on employees of social networking company facebook. spokespersons for apple said some employees visited a website for software developers. software designed to attack the company's network infected their computers. the spokespersons say no user data got out. technicians have started distributing software to detect and delete the malicious software. apple managers say they're cooperating with the fbi to identify those responsible. a japanese caller has won a top u.s. award for helping make cell phones possible. the prize is seen as the nobel of engineering.
yoshihisa okumura is the first japanese to win the annual charles stark draper prize from the national academy of engineering. he won it for his contributions to the way radio waves can be relayed. okumura was a top researcher for japanese telephone giant, ntt. one of his achievements was to divide a wide service area into smaller cells containing many antennas. this enabled mobile phone users to communicate despite a weak radio signal. he also determined antennas in close proximity could create interference when sharing the same frequencies. he solved the problem by allocating different frequencies to antennas that are close together but using the same frequency for areas far away. okumura also conducted field experiments to measure the changes in signal strength due to buildings or mountains. his research resulted in what are known as field strength curves.
they are used all over the world to establish mobile phone services. the research led to the first cellular telephone network in japan in 1979. it was an automobile communications system. >> translator: i just worked hard and tried to do my best. i'm glad that my efforts turned out to be useful for society and humanity. >> 38 engineers have received the charles stark draper prize for developments such as the internet, fiber optics and other technologies. four of the winners later won the nobel prize. britain's prime minister has acknowledged one of the dark moments of his country's colonial rule over india. patchari raksawong has details. >> prime minister david cameron paid his respects at the scene of a notorious massacre that took place in 1919 when india was a british colony. the first serving british prime
minister to visit the site, he labeled the incident deeply shameful. cameron has on a visit to india aimed at forming deeper economic ties. cameron laid a wreath at the memorial of the massacre in northern india. in april 1919, a group of british soldiers, without warning, opened fire on an unarmed crowd after a period of popular unrest. british reports said 379 people were killed and 1,200 wounded, but india's pro-und pen dense movement said the real death toll about was 1,000. many historians considered the massacre to be a turning point that undermined british rule, inspiring ghandi and the independence move tonight embark on a path of civil disobedience. on wednesday, cameron wrote in the visitor's book that the bloodshed was deeply shameful but he stopped short of making an apology.
>> translator: we want him to apologize to the families of those who were killed in the massacre because the bullets killed so many innocent people. >> according to our culture in india, we welcome our guest. and if he were to apologize, then to a certain extent, our wounds would be healed. >> wednesday was the final day of cameron's visit to the india. observes were closely watching how he would address the two countries' shared but troubled history during the three-day trip. his acknowledgment of past wrongdoing will likely be broadly welcomed in india. for britain, a formal apology would have risked opening door the to demands for similar treatment by other former colonies. farmland in sing support scarce and under constant pressure from urban sprawl. the country depends on imports for 90% of its food.
with more mouths to feed each year as a result of immigration. nhk world's yuko fine any zacky has been to visit an innovative new farm that may provide a solution. >> reporter: modern sing support field of skyscrapers. the island nation knows how important it is to put every square inch of land to use. that doesn't only apply to how people live and work. the quest for space is also changing the way singapore gets its food. this is the very first commercial farm in the world it goes up nine meters high and produces vegetable for singapore. inside this massive greenhouse grows three kinds of leaf vegetables, including a variety of chinese cabbage.
the cycle lasts eight to 12 hours. plants bask in sunlight along the way. and the bottom, at the get soaked in water. vegetables produce here are popular for their flavor and freshness. the singapore government wants to make the country more self-sufficient for food. four years ago, shelter thatted developing vertical farms in collaboration with the private sector. vertical farms are less prone to environmental disruptions such as droughts or typhoons. they make it possible to produce large amounts of food, even on the small plot of land. the world's first commercialized vertical farm is made possible thanks to the secretive device.
>> i cannot explain what work inside. >> reporter: the operator also introduce ecofriendly technique, including the use of recycled ground water. together, they have sharply lowered consumption of water and electricity. the vertical farm is roughly five times more produce than the conventional farm of the same size. it produces 500 kilograms of vegetable each day to supermarkets in singapore. the farm has plans to quadruple by next year. the operator says the resulting capacity will be enough to supply 4% of the leaf vegetables consumed in the country. >> firstly, produce is fresh. secondly, very low, what we call low food miles.
down t you don't have to transport the food from the city. right now, we import food from thousands of miles away. >> reporter: the vertical farm is attracting attention from other nations that, like singapore, are strucking ingst feed their growing populations. it is an innovation that seems likely to take road. yuko fine nah tacky, nhk world, singapore. >> and that wraps up our bulletin. i'm patchari raksawong in bangkok. an activist in hopping congress could face jail time and a fine for sailing to a
group of disputed islands in the east china sea. japan are ounce the senkaku islands, china and taiwan claim them. a senior member of a group owns a fishing boat that took them there. government officals banned the boat was banned from sailing outside hong kong territorial waters. the vessel had been used for political activities before, despite its registration as a fishing ship. a court indicted the owner for violating the order. he must appear on march 14th. if convicted, he could face a sentence of two years in prison and a fine of $32,000. local media say the indictment is aimed at warning the group from returning to the islands and increasing tensions between japan and china. japanese prime minister foreign investment he is into china for january dropped for a year ago -- from a year ago that is a decline for an eighth straight month.
chinese commerce ministry spokesperson said the country attracted over $9 billion in foreign investment last month. that's down 7.3% from the same month last year. investments from european nations were up more than 80%, a sharp rebound from last year's tumble when there was the impact of the eurozone's debt problems. but investment inflows from japan fell 20%. souring bilateral relations have apparently discouraged japanese firms to invest in china. looking ahead, the spokesperson said there have been no signs of optimism yet regarding cross-border investments. japan's trade balance shows the lowest margin ever. the weak yen caused an increase in the cost of fuel imports. finance ministry officials says the trade deficit for january came to about $17.4 billion. the balance has been in the red for seven months in a row. japan's exports rose by 6.4% from a year earlier in yen
terms. higher demand for crude oil and liquefied natural gas was a major factor. there are for use in thermal power generators. being ready for disasters is part of life in japan but it's an ever-evolving process. the march 2011 erik and tsunami exposed some weaknesses and so ever since then, people across the country have been working to be even better prepared for the next time disaster strikes. nhk world's mets co-con niche how is wa has startry. >> reporter: people livinging on japan's east coast are preparing for the worst. >> reporter: officials issued a
tsunami warning immediately after the erik and kept broadcasting the alert using you the public radio system. still, tsunami as high as 7.6 meters washed away 15 people. a third, bigger wave hit two and a half hours after the quake. it swept them away. officials want to encourage residents to stay away from the coast until it is safe. now armed with a public radio system, they will use digital displace and loud speakers that carry sound two to three times fartherer than conventional ones. they will also send their warning directly to schools on the coast. they will also send warning directly to schools on the coast.
people who took part in the drill heard the alerts loud and clear and fled to higher ground. about 400 participants managed to evacuate within 13 minutes. >> translator: i could hear the alarm well. >> translator: we need information to reach both our eyes and ears. i hope the visual and audio warnings will be effective when an actual erik occurs. >> reporter: they are determined to keep reminding citizens about the danger of second and third tsunami. which can be more dang rouse than the first we have as. >> translator: saving lives is our top priority. we would like to continue efforts towards that end. >> reporter: people here know the risk they face living by the ocean to, but they also know they can minimize that risk by being better prepared and listening to the local officials
in times of crisis. mets sue nish could you wa, nhk world, japan. clear skies in tokyo but there's heavy rain in the philippines. rachel ferguson is here with the latest. >> there has been torrential rain in the philippines resulting in extensive damage flooding as well as mudslides, damage to homes and even fatalities.
the rain is going to continue here and actually spread across towards indochina as this system makes its way towards the west. now, there isn't any real organization in this storm just now. but there is potential for it to become a tropical storm. that could prove problematic with travel. looking at temperatures now, it
will be just about 8 degrees in tokyo, 3 degrees in seoul and about 6 degrees in beijing. improving temperatures here in central china as well, shanghai up to about 9 degrees. let's head into the americas. we were talking about blowing snow in japan. widespread snow here to the central plains. in canada, you could get up to 40 centimeters of snow. very heavy in the gray. south of here, severe thunderstorms, and moving through texas, and out of texas fairly quickly to the western gulf states, eastern gulf states and then this part here in northern arkansas, this is going to be an ice storm. expect power outages with that. we know that ice storms can be dangerous indeed. if that's you, take care. here are your temperatures, minus 5 in toronto. looking at really frigid digits. minus 6 in chicago.
minus 18 in winnipeg and 4 degrees in oklahoma city. all right. on into europe we go, fairly quiet. british isles through western russia. a small low here, weakening, just a little drizzle of snow heading out towards the east. and that will be winning down. it will stay very unsettled for southern locations. one system coming through the balkans will bring snow to the upper elevations and heavy rain that could result in flash flooding. the next round of moisture from the atlantic to the iberian peninsula. temperatures, minus 4 in stockholm. zero in kiev. a 14 in athens, not too bad here and 16 in lisbon. here's your extended forecast.
gone viral on the internet after a video showed she is an expert escape artist. 9-year-old mare, mariska, taught herself how to open the latch on her stall and be set free. she can open the stalls of the other horses and even open the refrigerator to get a snack. she has attracted 800,000 views since being posted last month. >> we believe that mariska's motivation to opening the latch and doing her houdini trick, she basically thinks with her stomach. she had a snack in the grain room, then the motivation is to get outside to the grass. >> it looks like a case of locking the gate after the horse has bolted. we're back in 30 minutes with more of the latest. i'm gene otani in tokyo. from all of us here at nhk